The coming of Imam Mahdi is one of the major signs of Qiyamah. The term Mahdi means the guided one.
It is narrated that the Prophet (pbuh) said,
"This world will not come to an end until one person from my progeny does not rule over the Arabs, and his name will be the same as my name." [Tirmidhi]
"Even if only a day remains for Qiyamah to come, yet Allah will surely send a man from my family who will fill this world with such justice and fairness, just as it initially was filled with oppression." [Abu Dawood]
Features of the Mahdi as narrated in ahadith are:
He will be tall, with fair complexion, facial features similar to that of the Prophet (pbuh), possess character of the Prophet (pbuh), his father and mother will be called Abdullah and Amina, he will have a slight stutter and when he stutters he will hit his thigh with his hand.
The Mahdi will emerge at a time of confusion and dispute and allegiance will be pledged to him in Makkah between Hajr Aswad and Maqam of Ibrahim (A.S). The number of people pledging allegiance to the Mahdi at this time will be 313. When this information is received an army will be sent forth from Syria to fight the Mahdi, but Allah will cause the earth to swallow up this army before they reach Imam Mahdi. After coming to know of this event many people will come to Imam Mahdi and swear their allegiance to him.
Thereafter the Mahdi will have to fight many battles and the rule of Shariah will be established upon earth. During the rule of Imam Mahdi will be a time of peace, happiness and great wealth, so much so that after calls are made on the streets for anybody in need of wealth only one person will come forward.
During the lifetime of Imam Mahdi the Dajjal will appear and Hazrat Isa (A.S) will descend from the heavens. Imam Mahdi will thereafter die and Hazrat Isa (A.S) will perform his funeral prayer and bury him.
I have tried to keep this post brief in order to just give a quick outline of Imam Mahdi. Please visit the links below for further information and detail.
Imam Mahdi by Mufti A.H. Elias and Mohammad Ali ibn Zubair Ali
The Mahdi by Shaykh Ahmad Ali
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